The Spanish Association for Standardisation-UNE, has published the Report BIM: Standardisation of digital information for the design, construction and management of buildings and civil engineering works,, que tiene como objetivo impulsar la digitalización de la industria de construcción.
BIM (Building Information Modelling) is a methodology based on technical standards that defines a collaborative approach to managing the life cycle of built assets through digitisation.
This methodology boosts the digital transformation of the construction industry, facilitating interoperability between organisations and individuals throughout the entire construction sector value chain. The implementation of BIM facililitates environmental transition by improving energy efficiency, promoting principles of the circular economy and the use of resources throughout the life cycle of buildings, infrastructure and other built assets.
The UNE report reveals the existence of 15 standards that drive BIM. These include the UNE-EN ISO 19650 series, which defines information management in projects that use BIM. Also included is the UNE 41316 standard on digital declaration of performance (smart CE marking), which defines a format for sharing information associated with the CE marking on construction products. Further work on ten future standards in this field is currently underway.
These standards for the digitisation of the construction industry are mainly developed in the technical standardisation committee CTN 41/SC 13, whose Secretariat is provided by IECA (Spanish Institute of Cement and its Applications). Work in this area is complemented by the activities of other committees which specify the criteria and requirements for aspects such as GIS (geographic information systems) and lighting.
BIM standardisation facilitates the achievement of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDAs). For example, SDG 9 on Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; SDG 11 on Sustainable Cities and Communities; and SDG 17 on alliances to achieve the objectives.